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Chemistry GCMS 2011
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NCSCOS
4.01 Understand that both naturally occurring and synthetic substances are chemicals.
4.02 Evaluate evidence that elements combine in a multitude of ways to produce compounds that account for all living and nonliving substances.
4.03 Explain how the periodic table is used for classifying elements and identifying the properties of elements.
4.04 Describe the suitability of materials for use in technological design.
4.05 Identify substances based on characteristic physical properties.
4.06 Describe and measure quantities related to chemical/physical changes within a system.
4.07 Identify evidence supporting the law conservation of matter.
4.08 Identify evidence that some chemicals may contribute to human health conditions.
4.09 Describe factors that determine the effects a chemical has on a living organism.
4.10 Describe risks and benefits of chemicals.

Language Goals:
Reading: Interpret chemical processes and periodic table from web-based sites.
Writing: Explain chemical processes and periodic table through a writing activity called “Traffic Light”.
Speaking: Explain chemical processes and periodic table through a presentation using a Wiki.
Listening: Identify explanations of chemical processes and periodic table in oral discussions.

Essential Question: How is chemistry useful in our daily lives?


Main Topic---Chemistry Basics to the Periodic Table Deadline: 2/11/2011
  • Explain the main structures of an atom? Give an illustration.
  • What is the periodic table and how is it organized?
  • What types of information do chemist use to arrange elements on the periodic table? Give an illustration.
  • How does malleability, ductility, conductivity, and reactivity affect how the elements are classified on the periodic table? What does each one mean? Give an illustration.
  • What is the difference between an atom, molecule, element, isotope, and compound? Give an illustration.

  • Why is the Law of Conservation of mass important? Give an illustration.
  • What is the difference between endothermic reaction and exothermic reaction? Give an illustration.
  • How does surface area, temperature, concentration, a catalyst, and a inhibitor affect the rate of a chemical reaction? Give an illustration.
  • What is activation energy and its relation to chemical reactions? Give an illustration.
  • What is the difference between a unsaturated, saturated, and supersaturated solution? Give an illustration.

  • How do solutes affect the freezing point and boiling point of a solvent? Give an illustration.
  • How does a substance change between from a solid to a liquid? How does a substance change from a liquid to a solid? Give an illustration.
  • How does a substance change from a liquid to a gas? How does a substance change from a gas to a liquid? Give an illustration.
  • How does a substance change from a solid to a gas? How does a substance change from a gas to solid? Give an illustration.
  • How does temperature and pressure affect a gas? Give an illustration.

  • What is a mixture (two main types) and how is it different than a compound? Give an illustration.
  • What is the difference between a solvent and solute? Give an illustration.
  • How does pressure, type of solvent, and temperature affect the solubility of a substance? Give an illustration.
  • What three particles are produced during radioactive decay? Give an illustration.
  • What types of chemical bonds exist that allow the creation of matter? Give an illustration.

  • Which specific human body organs help protect the body against toxins? Give an illustration.
  • What is meiosis and the steps during each phase?
  • What is the function of lactic-acid fermentation?
  • What makes a chemical toxic and what are warning symptoms? Give an illustration.
  • What are some human health conditions that are caused from toxic chemicals? Give an illustration.
  • Describe two ways chemicals are used in each of the following: medicine, food preservatives, crop yield and sanitation? Give an illustration.
  • What is a polymer and monomer? How are they used in our everyday lives? Give an illustration.